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  • Sinking Fish Supply Drives Up Prices

    Fish traders are not benefiting from the sector as production declines substantially

    Fish prices have gone up because of a reduction in production from Lake Tana, Tekeze Dam and Arba Minch. Following the decline in production, prices have hiked. The earnings for those engaged in the trade have, however, declined, according to fish traders.

    “Lake Tana fish production has declined because of the unrest in the region, while the Arba Minch and Tekeze have decreased because of the environmental impacts of global warming,” Abinet Laqew, a fish trader, told Fortune.

    The number of fish species at Tekeze Dam has declined and fishing has been officially prohibited since last month.

    “The Tekeze Dam fish species are now threatened because of illegal fishing,” Tesfa Gofie, a fish expert at the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries (EMLF), said.

    The annual fish supply of the Tekeze Dam was 3,500tn in the 2014/15 fiscal year, a report by the Ministry reads. The Tekeze River has over 10 fish species.

    The Tana river covers around 3,600sqkm and has the capacity to produce 10,000 tonnes of fish a year.

    “Currently, the demand for fish has become higher than the supply in the local market,” Ashenafi Laqew, general manager of Arba Minch Restaurant, which specialises in fish dishes, says.

    The main fish suppliers for the Addis Abeba market are Arba Minch, Lake Tana and Tekeze Dam, and owing to the various reasons, the price of fish and its availability has been impacted.

    The most demanded fish species, cocktail, has not been sold in the market for a while now, because the only producer of the fish variety, Tekeze Dam, has stopped production.

    “As a result of the decline in production, the price of cocktail fish has risen more than twofold,” Abinet noted. “That is if you find it in stores. Stocks are rapidly emptying, and the cost has increased from 50Br a kilo to 150-180Br a kilo.”

    There is also a similar situation with Nile Perch, which is retailing for as much as 300Br a kilo.

    “Improvements in the fishery sector would contribute to poverty alleviation and environmental sustainability in Ethiopia,” research by the Global Fish Alliance shows.

    Ethiopia’s potential annual fish supply is 94,000tn. In the last fiscal year, the country produced 51,300tn of fish, according to the Ministry’s report.

    “The Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s (SNNP) region showed improvements in the last fiscal year, with 14,000 tonnes of fish supplied, while the Amhara State has not shown any improvement because of the impacts of climate change, such as rising temperature, as well as the recent unrest in Bahir Dar, where Lake Tana is located, which is expected to result in decreased catches,” Tesfa, from the Ministry, stated.

    There are 180 species of fish in Ethiopia, out of which 30 are native. Nine of these fishes are used in the commercial market for consumption purposes, including catfish, tilapia and cocktail. Ethiopian fish species are all fresh water, coming from its many lakes, rivers, dams and reservoirs.

    In 2013/14, the total production of fish was 38,371tn. This increased by 33.6pc.

    In 2014/15, the Amhara region recorded the highest quantity of fish sales in the nation, accounting for 49.4pc of the country’s total production. Total returns from fish marketing have increased annually by an average 42.4pc. In 2013/14, the total return collected from fish marketing was 583.6 million Br; in 2014/15, this increased by 73.03pc to reach one billion birr.

    In the 2014/15 fiscal year, 77.6pc of the total fish was harvested from lakes, while the least production come from Aqua culture, which harvested less than one percent. The rest was harvested from reservoirs and rivers. The majority of fish producers in the nation are cooperatives involved in fishery – currently comprising 89pc of the total fish producers.

    There is a plan to produce 95,602tn of fish by the end of the GTP II. According to this plan, 75pc of the fish product is expected to be harvested from lakes.

    In 2013/14, the total export earnings made from fish was 7.83 million Br. This then declined to 3.75 million Br in 2014/15 – 52pc less than the previous fiscal year. The decline in fish export earnings is the result of environmental impacts

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  • Ethiopian Prime Minister blames US-based government dissenters for protests

    “This is not the capacity of the man himself. It’s something which has been orchestrated by someone else from outside,” Hailemariam was quoted saying.

    Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn has blamed the United States-based "dissenters" for being behind Olympic medallist Feyisa Lilesa’s protest at the Rio de Janeiro Games. REUTERS/Tiksa Negeri

    Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn has blamed the United States-based “dissenters” for being behind Olympic medallist Feyisa Lilesa’s protest at the Rio de Janeiro Games, the Foreign Policy.com reported.

    According to reports, Lilesa held his arms in an “X” as he crossed the finish line in protest against government’s crackdown on political dissent.

    The marathon runner finished second in the final at the recent Olympic games in Rio, thus earning a silver medal for his country.

    Demonstrations in Ethiopia began popping up in November 2015 in the Oromia region, which surrounded the capital. This was over a government plan to expand the boundaries of Addis Ababa.

    The region’s Oromo people feared their farmland would be seized, and though the authorities soon dropped the urban enlargement project and brutally suppressed the protests, they badly misjudged the anger it triggered.

    The protests have since swept across other parts of Oromia, and more recently to the northern Amhara region, causing disquiet in the corridors of power of a key US ally and crucial partner in east Africa’s fight against terrorism.

    Human rights investigations

    The Chicago Tribune reported that critics of Ethiopia’s human rights investigations say the government was in a habit of deflating numbers in order to cover up abuses taking place at the hands of their security services.

    Human Rights Watch’s death statistics have multiplied those of Ethiopian civil society groups such as Human Rights Council Ethiopia, a nongovernmental organisation that monitors human rights in the country, and those published in an official Ethiopia Human Rights Commission report presented to the country’s parliament.

    However, despite all his, the Ethiopian parliament endorsed the commission’s findings, which determined that agitators seized upon the peaceful protests and used them as an opportunity to incite ethnoreligious hatred.

    Hailemariam, who is in New York for the UN General Assembly this week, reportedly said that he would never allow an outside investigation to take place when Ethiopia has its own institutions available, because to do so would be a “breach of sovereignty”.

    Hailemariam said that the silver medallist was put up to the stunt by US-based opposition groups in order to protest the government’s crackdown on demonstrations and further fuel controversial secessionist movements at home and in neighbouring Eritrea.

    “This is not the capacity of the man himself. It’s something which has been orchestrated by someone else from outside,” Hailemariam was quoted saying. -  News24

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  • Ethiopian leader at UN Assembly decries use of social media to spread messages of hate and bigotry

     

    Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn of Ethiopia addresses the general debate of the General Assembly’s seventy-first session. UN Photo/Cia Pak

    21 September 2016 – As much as social media offers a digital platform to improve exchange of information and enhance popular participation, its attendant negative impacts simply cannot be ignored, Hailemariam Dessalegn, the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, told the United Nations General Assembly today.

    “In fact, we are seeing how misinformation could easily go viral via social media and mislead many people, especially the youth,” he said in his address to the annual general debate, adding: “Social media has certainly empowered populists and other extremists to exploit people's genuine concerns and spread their message of hate and bigotry without any inhibition."

    On other global challenges, he said international peace and stability is facing greater risks with the rise of geo-political tensions and the growing threats posed by “all shades” of terrorist groups. Moreover, the global economy has not yet rebounded from the financial crisis.

    Further, “it is critical to underline one critical matter which is usually given short shrift, both by the media and others. It is simply hypocritical to deny that some of our countries have been targets for destabilization activities carried out with no accountability by people and groups who have been given shelters by states with whom we have absolutely no problems,” he stressed.

    It is under these challenging circumstances that countries are striving to implement the new UN transformational agenda, including the Sustainable Development Goals, and, obviously, he said, there are no easy solutions to these complex issues. “The situation is much more pronounced specially for least developed countries like us which are making every possible effort to […] escape from the poverty trap.”

    “We believe our vision is right and we are determined to get there. Whatever challenges and shortcomings we may have, we don't have difficulty owning up to them and we will make every- possible effort to deal with them in close consultation, cooperation and participation of our people,” Prime Minister Dessalegn said, noting that there is no better testimony for the resolve Ethiopia had shown in this regard than the way it had handled this past year’s devastating El-Nino.

    At the same time, he said Ethiopia could not simply “wish away” the challenges it is facing. Indeed, they need collective and coordinated responses “and we are always ready willing to continue to contribute positively in close partnership with others in our region and beyond in tackling these challenges.”

     Source: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=55022#.V-O2dk8oHCP

     


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  • Clashes in Bandipora hamlet after forces teargas villagers demanding militant’s body

    Witnesses said that villagers, including women, staged a protest outside the army camp to demand the body of a suspected militant.

    Clashes in Bandipora hamlet after forces teargas villagers demanding militant’s body

    Representational Image

    Clashes erupted in a village in Bandipora district of north Kashmir after forces resorted to teargas shelling to break up a protest by villagers, demanding body of a suspected militant killed in a gunfight earlier today.

    Witnesses said that villagers, including women, staged a protest outside the army camp to demand the body of a suspected militant.

    However, forces used teargas shells to disperse the protesters, triggering clashes.

    Earlier, police and army said a militant was killed in a gunfight in Chapran Gujjarpatti area of Aragam village .

    “One militant has been killed,” said DySP operations Bandipora Murtaza Hussain Mir. “His identity is being ascertained.”

    Source: greaterkashmir.com

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